Literature on performance indicators for governance programmes is sparse, and disparate in nature. In general such literature criticises the approach of applying quantitative indicators to governance programmes, or criticises the confusion of which aspects to monitor. The main weakness in the literature is a clear understanding of the relationship between governance projects and wider governance. While there is a large body of literature providing advice in selecting and designing indicators there is little evaluating governance programmes indicators per se. Most recently there has been a growth in what Kaufman (2007) defines as ‘improved’ indicators. There is a debate surrounding their validity with participatory and mixed method approaches to evaluation seeming to respond best to criticism of governance assessments.