Key indicative lessons learned for national state entities from the literature reviewed include:
- Develop national recovery frameworks in advance of disasters.
- Appoint a lead agency with a built-in end date, a clear legal mandate and an experienced politically aware leader.
- Integrate the immediate humanitarian action into the government-coordinated recovery phase.
- Fully engage all national and local state institutions, with responsibilities clearly articulated.
- Institutionalise an empowering and inclusive participatory approach, and decentralised implementation.
- Clarify the roles of international agencies from the outset
- Adopt policy principles of build back better, converting adversity into opportunity and pro-poor recovery.
- Support gender equality and mainstream gender-sensitive approaches.
- Develop a national recovery vision and strategic and programmatic framework.
- Set up government-led coordination mechanisms and continuously consult and communicate with national and international stakeholders.
- Set up flexible national public finance management and pre-arranged procurement systems with accountability and transparency safeguards. Multi-donor trust funds can coordinate and manage risk and create a policy and coordination forum.
- Simplify standard implementation procedures, develop reconstruction standards and implement effective monitoring and evaluation systems.