- Three types of programmes: i) targeted specifically at people with disabilities; ii) mainstream programmes; and iii) targeted mainstream programmes explicitly including people with disabilities.
- Targeting: programmes can target all disabled people, or be means tested for a particular level or type of disability, or targeted at children with disabilities. Targeting tends to be medically focused. But targeting based on a combination of medical and social criteria (the barriers put in place by society) recognises people’s capabilities if given the right opportunities.
- Challenges: lack of data, costly monitoring systems, lack of awareness and access, and insufficient budgets. Further, eligibility criteria tied to a perceived ‘incapacity to work’ can create a disincentive to work.
The report outlines examples of disability inclusion in national social protection policies and strategies in Kenya, Rwanda and Indonesia.