Syria and Yemen are both experiencing immense humanitarian and development challenges. Violent conflict, political and civil unrest, rising food and fuel prices, mass unemployment and breakdown in social services have contributed to massive displacement, food insecurity and acute malnutrition, difficult living conditions, lack of basic services and poor housing. Neighbouring countries (Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey) have also been affected by the recent influx of refugees from Syria.
There are various multilateral, bilateral and non-governmental organisations that are providing humanitarian assistance to Syria (and neighbouring countries housing Syrian refugees) and Yemen. This helpdesk report provides an overview of humanitarian actors and activities currently operating in these contexts. It is not an exhaustive list, but presents a wide range of actors and outlines their specific programmes and activities. These include:
- provision of food supplies, hygiene kits, blankets, clothing and temporary housing support to recently displaced and refugee populations, and host communities;
- provision of clean water and sanitation;
- access to basic health services and emergency health care;
- rehabilitation of schools, psychosocial programming for children and support to orphans;
- support for livelihoods;
- ongoing support to refugees present in Syria (from Iraq) and Yemen (from the Horn of Africa).
In many cases, the information on programming and activities was limited, and as such, the descriptions are often brief.