Solid waste and faecal sludge management in situations of rapid mass displacement are important to public health and providing for a better environment. Despite this, both have been neglected in WASH programmes, which tend to have a focus on water. However increasing efforts are being made to find solutions to challenges in solid waste and faecal sludge management in difficult circumstances in humanitarian emergencies. Most of the available literature uncovered by this rapid review is grey literature, offering guidance on solid waste and faecal sludge management, rather than peer reviewed papers. It is not always clear what evidence the guidance papers used in this rapid review are based on. However, they have been written and produced by people and organisations who have worked extensively on WASH in emergencies.
What lessons and evidence is there from situations of rapid, mass displacement into sites and/or camps with limited space and limited physical access options for solid waste and faecal sludge management?