Collective action can play an important role in facilitating women’s political engagement, and in advancing women’s empowerment in formal and informal politics, in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, as shown by significant rigorous evidence.
This executive summary summarises a rapid review which synthesises key findings on how aid interventions can strengthen collective action to facilitate women’s political empowerment (WPE)2. It is based on evidence selected through a rapid, non-systematic literature review3. Findings and recommendations included in this summary should therefore be understood in the context of these limitations. Despite the importance of collective action for WPE, there is only limited and patchy rigorous evidence about aid interventions in this area in low- and middle-income countries.