The literature here provides a guide to existing concerns and approaches to the promotion of pro-poor outcomes through land and property rights. Generally, there is increasing emphasis on both the impacts upon women and the need for interventions to be designed and implemented with gender sensitivity. There is also a strong emphasis on the need to locate land and property rights interventions within wider development efforts, based on an appreciation of the hindering and facilitating factors of land reform (e.g. government capacity and willingness). This issue of land and property rights spans a number of sectors, from rural agriculture to the challenges of urbanisation, and increasingly to the links between land and property rights and women’s security.