The prominent longitudinal studies in Ethiopia, from which much of the academic and practitioner literature draws from, include:
- Young lives: an international study on childhood poverty involving 12,000 children in four countries (Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam) over 15 years. Research priorities include nutrition, health, education and child work.
- Ethiopian Rural Households Survey: a longitudinal dataset that includes 450 households over 20 years. Research areas include health, women’s activities, agriculture and livestock information and food consumption.
- Wellbeing and Ill-being Dynamics in Ethiopia (WIDE): cross-sectoral research which looks at modernisation processes and outcomes in Ethiopia, and documents how government and donor development interventions have interacted with these. This involves three periods of study from 1994 to 2013/14.
- Jimma longitudinal family survey of youth (JLFSY): a study in Jimma town (Western Ethiopia’s largest city) and outlying areas, involving approximately 3,700 households and 2,100 youth (ages 13-17) between 2005 and 2010. Research areas include food insecurity, school absenteeism, and educational attainment.
- Livelihoods Change over Time (LCOT): a study on the responses of communities and agencies to chronic crisis. Ethiopia is one of four country case studies (the others being Sudan, Bangladesh and Haiti) and research is conducted collaboratively with humanitarian institutes in host countries.
- Ethiopia Socio-Economic Survey (ESS): survey on household welfare and income-generating activities in Ethiopia. Surveys were carried out in 2011/12 and revisited in 2013/14.