This query aims to identify research organisations with long-term programmes on the links between migration and development. There are a large number of institutes working on the issue of migration in the UK, US, and particularly Europe. Most of their work focusses on national and European migration trends, and the integration, exclusion, and citizenship of migrants within host country contexts. These organisations have not been included in this report.
The following are the key themes/topics that are being researched by the named organisations that work in the broad area of ‘migration and development’:
- Drivers of migration: environmental factors; and security and conflict.
- Effects of migration: the impact of migration on social and cultural institutions; intra-urban migration and local development; coping strategies and mechanisms adopted by displaced individual and societies; the impact of labour migration on poor countries; the effect of transfers (human capital and money) on sending communities; and globalisation and its implications for the conceptions of the ‘state’.
- Transnational linkages: how migrant networks affect aspirations in sending countries; how diaspora organisations support vital services in countries where effective state provided services are lacking; and emerging forms of transnational political mobilisation and communication.